19 Mar 2020, Φ Coronavirus (V), aus Fachquellen: Aktuelles

19.3.20, Coronavirus (V), aus Fachquellen: aktuelle Auswahl

  • World Health Organization (WHO), Regional Office for Europe: Statement to the press by Dr Hans Henri P. Kluge, WHO Regional Director for Europe; Copenhagen, 17 March 2020: Every country needs to take boldest actions to stop COVID-19. “The lives of millions of people in the WHO European Region are undergoing radical change. This is … a new reality. The role of public health services is understood. The value of health workers is appreciated like never before … 152 countries across the globe are affected by this new virus and over 7000 people have lost their lives to it … Europe is the epicenter of the first pandemic of COVID-19 and every country … needs to take their boldest actions to stop or slow down the spread of this virus … all should work to: (1) prepare and be ready; (2) detect, protect and treat; (3) reduce transmission; and (4) innovate and learn, while protecting vulnerable people … These are unprecedented times … The virus can be beaten back by solidarity within communities, within nations and within our Region, together with individual psychological resilience …, euro.who.int/en/about-us/regional-director/statements/statement-every-country-needs-to-take-boldest-actions-to-stop-covid-19
  • World Health Organization (WHO), OpenWHO: “interactive, web-based, knowledge-transfer platform offering online courses to improve the response to health emergencies … enables the Organization and its key partners to transfer life-saving knowledge to large numbers of frontline responders”; topics: Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19), Ebola virus disease, Cholera, Poliomyelitis, https://openwho.org/
  • London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases (CMMID), Repository: Multiple members of CMMID are working on the ongoing Covid-19 … outbreak caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. This page shows an overview of our work … Our group has made multiple interactive applications where some of our work can be explored further … divided our work … under the following categories: Current patterns of transmission; Severity of Covid-19; Control measures; Early outbreak dynamics. – Sample post: Temporal variation in transmission during the COVID-19 outbreak.To identify changes in the reproduction number, rate of spread, and doubling time during the course of the COVID-19 outbreak whilst accounting for potential biases due to delays in case reporting. First online: 02-03-2020, Last update: 18-03-2020.
  • London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases (CMMID): [WEBINAR] Disease modelling for public health policy. 20.3.2020, 17-18:30, lshtm.ac.uk/newsevents/events/webinar-disease-modelling-public-health-policy
  • Ferguson NM et al. (16.3.2020): Impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to reduce COVID-19 mortality and healthcare demand. On behalf of the Imperial College COVID-19 Response Team. Summary: … results of epidemiological modelling which has informed policymaking in the UK and other countries in recent weeks. … we assess the potential role of a number of public health measures … aimed at reducing contact rates in the population and thereby reducing transmission of the virus …we apply a … microsimulation model to … Great Britain … and the US … the effectiveness of any one intervention in isolation is likely to be limited, requiring multiple interventions to be combined … Two fundamental strategies …: (a) mitigation, which focuses on slowing but not necessarily stopping epidemic spread …, and (b) suppression, which aims to reverse epidemic growth, reducing case numbers to low levels and maintaining that situation indefinitely. Each policy has major challenges … optimal mitigation policies (combining home isolation of suspect cases, home quarantine of those living in the same household as suspect cases, and social distancing of the elderly and others at most risk of severe disease) might reduce peak healthcare demand by 2/3 and deaths by half. However, the resulting mitigated epidemic would still likely result in hundreds of thousands of deaths and health systems … being overwhelmed many times over. For countries able to achieve it, this leaves suppression as the preferred policy option … in the UK and US context, suppression will minimally require a combination of social distancing of the entire population, home isolation of cases and household quarantine of their family members. This may need to be supplemented by school and university closures …The major challenge of suppression is that this type of intensive intervention package… will need to be maintained until a vaccine becomes available (potentially 18 months or more) … while experience in China and now South Korea show that suppression is possible in the short term, it remains to be seen whether it is possible long-term, and whether the social and economic costs of the interventions adopted thus far can be reduced. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25561/77482
  • American Public Health Association (APHA) / Community Health Planning & Policy Development (CHPPD) Section, Circular letter of 17 Mar 2020: … “Our daily lives have changed in a way we never imagined. No one is exempt as we are all impacted in some manner regardless of your race, gender, sexual orientation, political beliefs, or religious beliefs. … I encourage each of you to utilize technology to check on each other during this period. More especially, check on our sick and elderly during this time. Please ensure that they have ample food, medical supplies, and essentials necessary to survive during this difficult period … During this period of uncertainty, … I caution you to only rely on guidance from credible sources as opposed to information circulating on the internet …”, CDC Website: cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html, APHA Covid-19 Website: https://apha.org/topics-and-issues/communicable-disease/coronavirus
  • Johns Hopkins University & Medicine (Baltimore), Coronavirus Resource Center: “Johns Hopkins experts in global public health, infectious disease, and emergency preparedness have been at the forefront of the international response to COVID-19. This website is a resource to help advance the understanding of the virus, inform the public, and brief policymakers in order to guide a response, improve care, and save lives …”, https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/, incl.: COVID-19 Basics, e.g. “What is social distancing and how can it slow the spread of COVID-19?”
  • Ärzteblatt (16.3.2020): Interview mit Dr. Ute Teichert, Vorsitzende des Bundesverbandes der Ärztinnen und Ärzte des Öffentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes (BVÖGD): „Die Kollegen brauchen dringend Unterstützung“. – Teichert: “ … zu wenig Ärztinnen und Ärzte in den Gesundheitsämtern. Schon ohne Corona müssen viele Ämter Abstriche bei den Pflichtaufgaben machen. Für die umfangreichen Aufgaben während einer Pandemie … reichen die Kapazitäten auch dann nicht, wenn alle anderen Tätigkeiten zurückgestellt werden … Die Mitarbeit in den Krisenstäben und die Beratung und Information der anderen Behörden, die mitwirken, ist … extrem wichtig … Jemand muss die Behandlungsmöglichkeiten in den Regionen … überblicken und koordinieren … eine originäre Aufgabe des Öffentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes. Doch dafür fehlt vielfach die Zeit … Diese Krise muss … auch mittel- und langfristige Folgen haben: … die Arbeit der Gesundheitsämter durch Aufstockung des ärztlichen Personals, eine angemessene Bezahlung und … eine Aufwertung unseres Fachgebietes in der Ausbildung durch eine universitäre Verankerung besserstellen …, www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/111073/Die-Kollegen-brauchen-dringend-Unterstuetzung
  • Ärzteblatt (18.3.2020): Entscheidungshilfe für COVID-19-Test. „… Ein Online-Fragebogen der Charité soll helfen, sich für oder gegen einen Arztbesuch oder einen COVID-19-Test zu entscheiden. Nach der Beantwortung gibt das Programm individuelle Handlungsempfehlungen. So sollen Patientenströme besser gesteuert werden … https://covapp.charite.de/ … Gefragt wird … nach Symptomen, Reisen und möglichen Kontakten, … Vorerkrankungen. Die Antworten … werden nur auf dem eigenen Gerät gespeichert und als anonymer QR-Code ausgegeben. Alternativ … ausgedruckt …, www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/111158/Entscheidungshilfe-fuer-COVID-19-Test

Siehe auf dieser Webseite auch:

  • 19 Mar 2020, Φ Coronavirus (IV), journalistische Quellen
  • 15 Mar 2020, Φ Corona-Virus (III), inkl. Allgemeinverfügung der Gesundheitsbehörde Hamburg
  • 11 Mar 2020, Φ Coronavirus (II) und StadtGesundheit
  • 11 Mar 2020, Φ Coronavirus (I): Autoritative Quellen für aktuelle Informationen zum Thema