About posts (705+)

The posts relate to the field of human ecology and health, e.g. urban life and urban health, in subjective selection and interpretation / Die Notizen betreffen das weite Themenfeld Humanökologie & Gesundheit wie z.B. Stadtleben und Stadtgesundheit, in subjektiver Auswahl und Interpretation.

Topics include site visits; attendance of meetings, conferences, and exhibitions; as well as a mélange of other issues / Aufgenommen sind Feldbegehungen; Teilnahmen an Arbeitstreffen und Konferenzen; Besuch von Ausstellungen; und eine bunte Mischung weiterer Themen.

Posts more closely related to Public Health are marked with “Φ in the headline / Notizen mit besonders deutlichem Bezug zu Public Health sind mit “Φ” in der Überschrift markiert.

Current coverage: Jan 2006 onwards; plus selected earlier entries 1954ff / Zeitraum: seit Jan. 2006, plus ausgewählte frühere Einträge 1954ff

(Rev. 20 May 2019)

30 Mar 2019, Oscar Wilde: The complete short stories

Oscar Wilde (2006): The complete short stories. Dover Publications, Mineola, New York [erworben in Dublin, 26.8.09]

Contents

The Happy Prince and Other Tales (originally published in London, 1888)

  • The Happy Prince [p.8: “… said God, ‘… in my garden of Paradise this little bird shall sing for evermore…’ ”]
  • The Nightingale and the Rose [p.13: “ ‘What a silly thing love is,’ said the student …, ‘It is not half as useful as Logic…’ ”]
  • The Selfish Giant [p.17: “…when the children ran in that afternoon, they found the Giant lying dead under the tree, all covered with white blossoms”]
  • The Devoted Friend [p.26: “… answered the Linnet. ‘The fact is, that I told him a story with a moral.’ ‘Ah! That is always a very dangerous thing to do,’ said the Duck. And I quite agree with her.”]
  • The Remarkable Rocket [p.34: “ ‘Oh! Dear no,’ cried the Rocket. ‘… The fact is that I find this place rather tedious. There is neither society here, nor solitude. In fact, it is essentially suburban. I shall probably go back to Court, for I know that I am destined to make a sensation in the world.”]

The Portrait of Mr. W. H. (originally published in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine, July, 1889)

A House of Pomegranates (originally published by Osgood, Mcllvaine and Co., London, 1891)

  • The Young King [p.71: “…the young King came down from the high altar, and passed home through the midst of the people. But no man dared look upon his face, for it was like the face of an angel”]
  • The Birthday of the Infanta [p.86: “… the Infanta frowned, and her … rose-leaf lips curled in pretty disdain. ‘For the future let those who come to play with me have no hearts,’ she cried, and she ran out into the garden.”]
  • The Fisherman and his Soul [p.105: “ ‘Love is better,’ answered the young fisherman, and he plunged into the deep … And after the third year was over, the Soul came down to the shore of the sea, and called to the young fisherman…”]
  • The Star-Child [p.115: “ ‘Truly,’ answered his companion, ‘much is given to some, and little is given to others. Injustice has parcelled out the world, nor is there equal division of aught save of sorrow’ “]

Lord Arthur Savile’s Crime and Other Stories (originally published in London, 1891)

  • Lord Arthur Savile’s Crime [p.151: “Suicide of a cheiromantist…”]
  • The Sphinx Without a Secret [p.157: “” ‘She had a passion for secrecy…’ “]
  • The Canterville Ghost [p.158: “When Mr. Hiriam B. Otis … bought Canterville Chase, everyone told him he was doing a very foolish thing, as there was no doubt at all that the place was haunted.”]
  • The Model Millionaire [p.184: “ ‘My dear boy,’ said Trevor, smiling, ‘that old beggar … is one of the richest men in Europe. He could buy all London to-morrow without overdrawing his account …’ “]

Poems in Prose (originally published in The Fortnightly Review, July 1894)

  • The Artist
  • The Doer of Good
  • The Disciple
  • The Master
  • The House of Judgment
  • The Teacher of Wisdom.

13 March 2019, Φ UN GEO6: “Human health in dire straits if urgent actions are not made to protect the environment”

13.3.2019, UN GEO6: “Human health in dire straits if urgent actions are not made to protect the environment”

The sixth UN Global Environment Outlook 6 (GEO6) was published by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) today: UN Environment (2019): Global Environment Outlook – GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People. UNEP, Nairobi. DOI 10.1017/9781108627146, xxxiii + 708 pp., www.unenvironment.org/resources/global-environment-outlook-6

Press release (Nairobi, Kenya): Human health in dire straits if urgent actions are not made to protect the environment, warns landmark UN report. www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/press-release/human-health-dire-straits-if-urgent-actions-are-not-made-protect: The most comprehensive and rigorous assessment on the state of the environment completed by the UN in the last five years … highlights the fact that the world has the science, technology and finance it needs to move towards a more sustainable development pathway, although sufficient support is still missing from the public, business and political leaders who are clinging to outdated production and development models … At present the world is not on track to meet the SDGs by 2030 or 2050 … While urbanization is happening at an unprecedented level globally, the report says it can present an opportunity to increase citizens’ well-being while decreasing their environmental footprint through improved governance, land-use planning and green infrastructure … Policy interventions that address entire systems – such as energy, food, and waste – rather than individual issues … can be much more effective, according to the authors …


Report chapter 4: Cross-cutting issues [incl. human health]

Executive summary (emphases removed):

  • Environmental pollution is still a major source of damage to the health of the planet (well established), human health (well established), equity (well established) and economic sustainability (established but incomplete) …
  • The number of people affected by both slow and suddenonset environmental disasters is increasing due to compounding effects of multiple and interacting drivers (well established) …
  • Gender equality and women’s empowerment are multipliers of sustainability (well established) …
  • Urban footprints have transboundary ramifications (well established) …
  • Climate change is one of the most pressing issues affecting natural (well established) and human systems (established but incomplete) (SDG 13).
  • The food system is increasing local to global pressures on ecosystems and the climate (well established) …

p.78

4.2 People and livelihoods

4.2.1 Health

… two long-established ways of reflecting the complex web of relationships between healthy planet and healthy people … One way is to define human health inclusively as “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (… WHO … 1948) … The second way focuses on the determinants of health: it recognizes that human health is mediated by multiple factors in the natural, social and built environments, including our senses of equity and safety as well as equitable access to environmental resources and human contact with nature (WHO 2008) … Buse et al. (2018) identify six frameworks developed from late 20th century onward to show and deal with this complexity: political ecology of health, environmental justice, Ecohealth, One Health, Ecological Public Health, and Planetary Health. These frameworks represent a shift towards a more sophisticated understanding of the implicit, complex and systemic links between human health and well-being and the natural environment …

p.79

… Solutions to the degradation of natural systems, including the management of environmental pollution at its sources, should take account of the complex interactions between planet and … and consider environment-health as a complex system, seeking co-benefits … , and … avoiding trade-offs or win-lose situations or unintended adverse consequences … There are now many examples of health co-benefits … For example, the … transition to cleaner energy improves air quality and slows climate change effects, each of which greatly benefits health and well-being … Active travel, such as walking and bicycling, can have multiple benefits for health and well-being … Reducing red meat intake … where there is high consumption … will improve human health … , while reducing pressure on biodiversity and greenhouse gas emissions … The benefits to human health and well-being of access to safe and biodiverse natural environments, green and blue spaces, are being recognized … Rigorous … integration of human health considerations within health-determining sectoral plans (e.g. agriculture, water, disaster management, urban design) can support responses that address human health impacts … Initiatives to reduce environmental risks, focusing on benefits across sectors, are consistent with the World Health Organization’s … call for Health in All Policies (WHO 2014) and the development of tools for integrated environmental and health assessment (Fehr et al. 2016). The health sector must rapidly strengthen the way that it articulates messages on human health …

[Selected reference: Fehr R, Mekle, O, Hurley F, Mackenbach J (2016): Health impact assessment – a survey on quantifying tools. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 57 (February), pp.178–186, doi:10.1016/j.eiar.2016.01.001. See https://rfehr.eu/2016/01/27/14-jan-2016-paper-impact-quantification-accepted/ for paper and web appendices]


Global Environment Outlook (GEO), www.unenvironment.org/global-environment-outlook: often referred to as UN Environment’s flagship environmental assessment … first publication … in 1997 … fulfills the core functions of the organization, which date back to the UN General Assembly resolution that established the UN Environment Programme in 1972 … GEO … is a consultative and participatory process … also builds capacity for conducting integrated environmental assessments and reporting on the state, trends and outlooks of the environment … aims to facilitate the interaction between science and policy.


Based on GEO5 (2012) – UNEP & ICLEI (2012): GEO-5 For Local Government, www.unenvironment.org/resources/geo-5-local-government: … shows that pressures on the global environment affect the local level. Conversely, local decisions and responses can not only improve local conditions, but also significantly contribute to improving the state of the global environment … aims to make the findings … more relevant for local governance … highlights the role that local authorities can play in meeting internationally agreed goals and targets and in addressing local, regional and global environmental challenges.

8 Sep 2018, Φ Menuret 1797 Essai sur la ville d’Hambourg

J[eans]-J[acques] Menuret (1797): Essai sur la ville d’Hambourg considérée dans ses rapports avec la santé ou Lettres sur l’Histoire medico-topographique de cette ville. Par J.J. Menuret, Docteur en Medicine de plusieurs Universités et Academies de France. Hambourg, chez Pierre Chateuneuf, Libraire au Domsstegel No. 36.

Motto: Quid verum atque decens et utile curo et rogo et totus in hoc sum. Horat. Epist. Lib.I

Menuret 1797
Menuret 1797: Essai sur la ville d’Hambourg

p.119 Table des Matières

  • Lettre I. Motifs, occasion, idée générale, but, division de l’ouvrage. page 3.
  • Lettre II. Sur les quattre éléments, on grandes causes. 12.
    • I. Du Feu, ou du Soleil. Ibid.
    • II. De l’Air. 19.
  • Lettre III. Suite de la précédente; sur l’Eau et la Terre
    • III. De l’Eau. 25.
    • IV. De la Terre. 32.
  • Lettre IV. Sur le lodgement, le regime, les occupations, les habitudes des Hambourgeois. 37.
  • Lettre V. Sur le gouvernement, les mœurs, les habitudes, le temperament etc. 55.
  • Lettre VI. Sur les maladies, affections et disposition locales. 71.
  • Lettre VII. Sur les secours publics et moyen généraux de santé. 86.
  • Lettre VIII. Idées sur l’augmentation des secours public et des moyens généraux de santé. 100.

30 May 2018, Φ Call for proposals: Junior research group / Ausschreibung: Junior-Forschungsgruppe

Call for proposals: Junior research group “City of the future – Healthy, sustainable metropolises” / Ausschreibung: Junior-Forschungsgruppe “Stadt der Zukunft – Gesunde, nachhaltige Metropolen”

Die Fritz und Hildegard Berg-Stiftung im Stifterverband veröffentlichte heute die Ausschreibung einer weiteren Junior-Forschungsgruppe, die in interdisziplinärer, praxisorientierter Forschungsarbeit an der Schnittstelle von Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft herausragende Strategien und Konzepte für die nachhaltige Entwicklung urbaner Räume und Regionen entwickelt.

Schwerpunkt 2018: Stadt, Gesundheit und Natur

  • Exemplarische Forschungsfelder: Gesundheit und Biodiversität / Stadtnatur / Klimawandel
  • Zeitraum: drei Jahre
  • Ausstattung; bis zu € 400.000
  • Bewerbungsschluss: 31.7.18.

Das Förderprogramm „Stadt der Zukunft – Gesunde, nachhaltige Metropolen“ zielt darauf ab, die beiden Leitkonzepte der nachhaltigen Gesundheitsförderung und der nachhaltigen Entwicklung am Beispiel urbaner Räume und Regionen zu verknüpfen.


Cf. Projekt Brückenbau